Knowing your rights as an employee can make a large difference with little effort. Be familiar with both Weingarten and Garrity rights.
Weingarten rights give an employee access to union representation during investigatory meetings that may lead to disciplinary action.
Weingarten Rights Statement:
"I request to have a union representative present on my behalf during this meeting because I believe it may lead to disciplinary action being taken against me. If I am denied my right to have a union representative present I will refuse to answer accusational questions and any I believe may lead to discipline.
If the employer is investigating an employee over issues that can lead to criminal prosecution, the employee can invoke the Garrity rule. When an employee uses the Garrity rule, they invoke his or her right against self-incrimination. Any statements made after invoking Garrity may only be used for employer investigation purposes and not for criminal prosecution purposes.